Bhimbetka Rock Shelter, Earliest Human Tresses in India

The name Bhimbetka is associated with the ancient Indian epic hero Bhima. Who was well known for his physical strength, Because of its archaeological values and importance this destination is included in the list of World Heritage Sites. The word Bhimbetka derived from the word Bhimbaithaka, which literally means ‘sitting arrangement of Bhima’. Bhimbetka is located at Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh, 45 k.m. The entire place is covered with rich Forrest with amazing greenery and hillside area. Away from Bhopal at southern edge of Vindhyachal. This shelter conserves one of the ancient and earliest tresses of human life in India, specially dance. According to the earliest excavations took place here this place has been declared as a Buddhist site according to the earliest Indian archaeological records. Since then more than 700 similar shelter were found all over the world, of which 243 were very much similar to the Bhimbetka. The walls of these caves are full with number of interesting paintings indicating the prehistoric lives and times of peoples who leave here. The painting includes natural environment around them, religious rites, burials as well as communal dancing and drinking. These painting are painted with combination of red and white color with occasional use of yellow and green. The scenes that were depicted on the walls were taken from everyday life events of aeon’s age. These painting also include many animals like crocodile, dogs, lizards, wild bore, elephants, antelopes, lion, bison, tiger. According to the carbon dating, the canvas was used by different people at different time spans. Archaeologist categories these paintings on the basis of time period. They’ve numbered these time stamp as Upper Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Chalcolithic, Early Historic and Medieval. It is amazing that these paintings are remain intact not even faded after thousands of years. Many archaeologist believes that these paintings were made with amazing composition of vegetable dyes, animal fats and the brushes are made with fibrous plants. Because of that these paintings were keep preserved after thousands of years. The oldest painting that present here was somewhere around 30,000 years old.

Nearby Places to Visit

Bhojpur is at just 10 minutes distance from Bhimbetka, here you can see Bhojeswar temple which was dedicated to lord Shiva. This was also fine piece of rock cut art, the whole temple is carved on a single stone. Apart from this, this place is also famous for many other attractions also like Taj-Ul-Masjid, Moti Masjid, Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalay, Laxminarayan Temple, and many more where you can spend and enjoy for couple of days.

How to Reach

By Air :Bhopal Airport, also known as Raja Bhoj Airport, is the nearest airport, which is 42 km away from Bhimbetka.

By Rail:
Bhopal Railway Station is the nearest rail head to Bhimbetka. It has connection trains to all major cities in India.

Best Time to Visit Bhimbetka

Summer during March to May is bit hot and dry over here thats why it is better to avoid these season for traveling. Monsoon season (June to September) brings lot of heavy rainfall, which transform this places in to a green land. In winter (December to February) the temperature is pleasant and best to visit this place.

Author : James D Corner

Elephanta Caves Ancient Glimses of Shaivism in India

Elephanta Trimurti of Lord Shiva

Elephanta Trimurti of Lord Shiva

Rock cut cave architecture is at its best at Elephanta Island, which is well known as a Gharpurichi Lenee in Local Marathi language. These caves are carved in the basalt rock. These caves are located on the Elephanta Island, this place is located just 10 kilometre away on eastern part of Mumbai, the financial capital of India. These caves represent finest rock cut architecture of two different civilizations. These caves are basically divided in to two groups first contains 5 caves which represent Hindu Shaivism. The other group of caves which consists 2 caves which was carves by Buddhist displaying finest example of rock cut architecture.

Elephanta Caves Shiva Linga

Elephanta Caves Shiva Linga

Elephanta Caves Shiva Linga View

Elephanta Caves Shiva Linga View

The Hindu group of caves contain rock cut sculptures of Lord Shiva which was carves by Shaiva people. Shaiva also known as Shaivam, which is the fourth most followed sect in Hindu religion. Shaivism included in many parts of Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and India. Carbon dating suggest that these caves has been carved in between 5th and 6th century, but identity of original builders is still subject of debate. These caves were primarily coated with unbleached colors, however, only a few tresses of them can be found in the present time. In ancient time when Portuguese rule this place they called it as a Elephanta Island, because there was huge statue was placed at entrance of this island. Which is now places outside of Bhau Daji Lad museum at Jijamata Udyan in Byculla, Mumbai. These caves were renovated in the year 1970. UNESCO recommend the architecture of these caves in 1987 and included in the list of World Heritage Sites. These caves now under Archaeological Survey of India for maintenance and Conservation.

Elephanta Caves Exterior 1

Elephanta Caves Exterior 1

The Portuguese was mainly responsible for major damage to these ancient caves. Under the rule of Portuguese Hindu population declines drastically. Portuguese solders target the main caves of lord Shiva by sparing the Trimurti Sculpture of Shiva. They also does the major damage to the inscriptions which was written on the walls of the caves which leads to the debate of original builders of these caves. Historians and Archaeologist solely blame them for the destruction.

Elephanta Caves Exterior

Elephanta Caves Exterior

Nearby Places

Mumbai well known as the financial capital of India, also holds its unique identity as a major historical tourist destination in India. Because of close proximity to the Arab sea, its sea port becomes an entrance for India. In ancient history many civilizations used this seaport to enter India and start their religious activity on land of India. Kanheri caves are another evidence of the Buddhism in India, which is also located here. Some of other famous tourist destinations of India are Gateway of India, CST terminus, Mahakali Caves, Hanging Garden and many more.

Elephanta Caves Shiva Parvati

How to reach Mumbai

Because Mumbai is the financial capital of India, holds strong connectivity to rest of the India by road as well as by air. You can easily travel across city through its local transportation, and they are easily available. Mumbai is also connected with super fast express way to Bangalore and Delhi. You can easily get flights to all major cities of the world and India, at Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport. Because of the coastal proximity, Mumbai is also connected by the sea also though its natural harbour.

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Attingal Palace an Unknown tourist Destination in India

Attingal1

Attingal is located in the north of Trivendram, the capital of Kerala. Attingal is town which was built in way back around 800 years ago. At that time Attingal was known to be “Chittattinkara”, as Attingal is surrounded by two rivers “Mamom” and “Vamana Puram” which make circle around the Attingal. Attingal Palace (Manomohanavilasom and Koyikkal) was built in 1305 A.D. and plays role of Venad royal familes women’s residence for many years. But Attingal Palace gained Prominence in 14th century when Uday Martanda Verma is on the throne of Travancore. He adopted two child’s from royal families of Koltharis of North Malbar. Attingal palace and surrounded areas were principality lies within Travancore Kingdom, and mostly ruled by various queens of Travancore Kingdom.

 

Attingal

Travancore Maharaja’s mother and her sister received throne of Attingal. During this period of time Attingal was ruled by “venad” sovereign, After that there were only queens who rules Attingal.

Attingal Palace played significant role in history of Kerala. Attingal witnesses the first ever united rebellion fight against the Britishers. Many temples are situated within Municipality area. The famous Sarkara Temple which is situated within Chirayinkil town. You can also visit Varkala Beach which is at just 10 minute distance and also the Kumaran Asan Smarak which is just 4 km from this Attingal Palace. Kumaran Asan is the most famous poet who wrote beautiful poetries.

How to reach

By Road:

Attingal at a distance of 32 Km from Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala, and on the way of National Highway no 47.

By Train:

The nearest railway station is Chirayinkeezhu. Which is It is about 6 km away from Attingal.
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Humayun Tomb India’s Finest Garden Tomb

Humayun Tomb View

Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun was the second emperor of Mughal dynasty. Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northern India were under his rule at his reign from 1530 to 1540. After this period, he was defeated by the Sher Shah Suri in 1540. Soon after, he defeated Sher Shah Suri to regain his empire in 1555. Humayan’s death was marked in 1556. Under his rule, the Mughal Empire was at its peak. He was the second king of the Mughal Empire after his father, Babur.

Humayun Tomb 1

After the death of Humayun in 1556, his widow- Hamida Banu Begam, started the construction of the Hamayun tomb in 1565. This tomb took 9 years to complete and was successfully completed in 1572 AD. It took 1.5 million Rupees to complete this construction. Reputed as the first garden tomb of India, this phenomenal tomb was designed by a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyath. He had an experience of designing of several architectural constructions.

The architect was hired from the Herat region of North Afghanistan. He also designed a ‘Bukhara‘, which is presently situated in Uzbekistan. Apart from this, he also designed several other constructions in India as well. Unfortunately, he died before the completion of the construction. Therefore, the rest of the construction was completed by his son, Sayyad Muhammad Ibn Mubarak Ghiyathuddin.

Humayun Tomb View 2

The tomb is located at Nizamuddin East in Delhi, close to the famed Purana Qila. In fact, this exquisite construction is vividly visible from Purana Qila. This was the first structure which used red sandstone in such a large scale. This tomb was declared as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1993. You can also find many other small monuments besides this historical tomb. The Turkish and Mughal rule on the Indian subcontinent introduce a mixture of central Asian and Turkish style of architecture with Islamic architecture of its own kind. For the first time, unique elements like red sandstone was used along with white marble, black marble, and yellow sandstone during the construction of this legendary structure.

Char Bagh Garden

Incorporating the tomb at its central region, the Char Bagh Garden is spanned over an area of 30 acres. This garden is a Persian style garden with a quadrilateral layout and was the first of its kind in the Asian continent. The tomb and garden are enclosed with high rubble walls which are present on three sides of the entire construction.

Best Time to Visit


You can visit this fort at any time of the year, but the best time to visit this fort is between October and March. During this period of the year, the winter season commences in Delhi. During this season, the temperature in Delhi is quite low and humidity is also at normal level. Such conditions in this elated travel spot are good for maintaining the well being of the tourists.

How to Reach


Road: Being the capital city of India, Delhi is well connected to rest of the country. The Kashmiri Gate is the closest metro station from this historical destination. Metro trains, trains, cabs, and state transport buses are easily available here.

Air: Delhi is conveniently connected by air through the Indira Gandhi International Airport. The capital city is also connected with all major national and international destinations.
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Shakti Peeth Kamakhya Temple in North East India

Main Entrance

Kamakhya devi temple is situated on Nilachal Hill at western part of the Guwahati city of Assam. This temple is included in the list of 51 Shakti Peetha of India. This first temple was built  under Kamarupa Kingdom in first century. The original temple was destroyed in second millennium and again reconstructed by Koch dynasty in 1565. The current structure is like a Shikhara with beautiful sculptures and images of lord Ganesha and other god goddesses also depicted on the Shikhara and walls of the temple.

kamakhya Main Building

The temple temple is made up with three chambers first one is not used by devotees. Second one is a square shaped house like structure where you can find the idols of Kamakhya devi. The walls of the this chamber has been decorated with beautiful sculptures and images of gods. The middle chamber where devotees approaches towards a cave shaped structure. There are no sculptures of goddesses present in this part of the temple. You can find many other temples too, in fact this places is a group of many temples including Kamakhya Devi Temple. The other temples  you can find here are the Sitala Mata Temple, Jaya Durga Temple, Lalita Kanta Temple, Vana Durga Temple, Sankheshvari Temple, and Rajarajesvari Temple. Three other temples of Lord Vishnu, while five temples are of Lord Shiva.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Number of festivals has been celebrated at this temple all of them attracts enormous amount of devotees at this temple. Ambubachi Mela, another annual celebration takes place here is Mansa Puja, Durga Puja is also celebrated here on each year in Navaratri Utsav.

India is beautiful country in terms of historical tourist destinations. There are many historical tourist are available which were unknown between tourist. Indiahistoricalplaces.com is an initiative to explore these tourist destinations of India. James D Corner who is a professional archaeologist tried to explore them, and with internet platform he doing this.

 

Kamdev Sculpture at Kamakhya

Time to visit

The temple opens at 5:30 am and the daily Pooja were organize at 6:00 am. But the devotees can enter in to the temple only after 8:00 am. The doors again remain closed in between 1:00 pm to 2:30 pm during which the prassad were distributed in devotees. And were closed again on 5:30 am for daily Arti.

How to reach

Guwahati is well connected to rest of the world, Guwahati railway station is just 8 km away from this temple. You can get trains for all over India. If you choose by air option the the Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport is just 20 km away from this place.

 
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