Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun was the second emperor of Mughal dynasty. Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northern India were under his rule at his reign from 1530 to 1540. After this period, he was defeated by the Sher Shah Suri in 1540. Soon after, he defeated Sher Shah Suri to regain his empire in 1555. Humayan’s death was marked in 1556. Under his rule, the Mughal Empire was at its peak. He was the second king of the Mughal Empire after his father, Babur.
After the death of Humayun in 1556, his widow- Hamida Banu Begam, started the construction of the Hamayun tomb in 1565. This tomb took 9 years to complete and was successfully completed in 1572 AD. It took 1.5 million Rupees to complete this construction. Reputed as the first garden tomb of India, this phenomenal tomb was designed by a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyath. He had an experience of designing of several architectural constructions.
The architect was hired from the Herat region of North Afghanistan. He also designed a ‘Bukhara‘, which is presently situated in Uzbekistan. Apart from this, he also designed several other constructions in India as well. Unfortunately, he died before the completion of the construction. Therefore, the rest of the construction was completed by his son, Sayyad Muhammad Ibn Mubarak Ghiyathuddin.
The tomb is located at Nizamuddin East in Delhi, close to the famed Purana Qila. In fact, this exquisite construction is vividly visible from Purana Qila. This was the first structure which used red sandstone in such a large scale. This tomb was declared as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1993. You can also find many other small monuments besides this historical tomb. The Turkish and Mughal rule on the Indian subcontinent introduce a mixture of central Asian and Turkish style of architecture with Islamic architecture of its own kind. For the first time, unique elements like red sandstone was used along with white marble, black marble, and yellow sandstone during the construction of this legendary structure.
Char Bagh Garden
Incorporating the tomb at its central region, the Char Bagh Garden is spanned over an area of 30 acres. This garden is a Persian style garden with a quadrilateral layout and was the first of its kind in the Asian continent. The tomb and garden are enclosed with high rubble walls which are present on three sides of the entire construction.
Best Time to Visit
You can visit this fort at any time of the year, but the best time to visit this fort is between October and March. During this period of the year, the winter season commences in Delhi. During this season, the temperature in Delhi is quite low and humidity is also at normal level. Such conditions in this elated travel spot are good for maintaining the well being of the tourists.
How to Reach
Road: Being the capital city of India, Delhi is well connected to rest of the country. The Kashmiri Gate is the closest metro station from this historical destination. Metro trains, trains, cabs, and state transport buses are easily available here.
Air: Delhi is conveniently connected by air through the Indira Gandhi International Airport. The capital city is also connected with all major national and international destinations.
Author : James D Corner